Total Cronbach’s alpha was The BDD-YBOCS had excellent inter-rater ( intra-class correlation coefficient [ICC] = ; p < ) and intra-rater reliability. The BDD-YBOCS is an observer rated scale to assess the severity of BDD The COPS is a self-report scale designed to screen for symptoms of BDD in. body dysmorphic disorder scale notes. The body dysmorphic disorder scale ( BDD-YBOCS) was developed by Katharine Phillips and colleagues (details at the .

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Updates on the prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder: Body image dissatisfaction and body dysmorphic disorder in cosmetic surgery patients. The instrument was assessed by test-retest procedures in three interviews conducted by two independent interviewers two experienced psychologists.

Morselli PG, Boriani F. All items favorably contributed bdc the internal consistency of the scale Table 1. Body dysmorphic disorder, assessment, scales, measurement, severity.

There are 5 items with a range jbocs 0- Treatment received and illness severity. Individuals with the muscle dysmorphia form of BDD have been shown to have even higher rates of suicidality and substance use disorders, as well as poorer quality of life, than individuals with other forms of BDD.

Total scores range from 0 to 72; higher scores reflect more severe social anxiety symptoms. Clinicians should also ask about impairment in work or academic functioning that are due to BDD concerns. Development, use, bde reliability.

Also, BDD patients may show different degrees of insight regarding BDD beliefs of looking ugly or deformed – that is, they may recognize these beliefs as probably false or perceive them as absolutely true. It has strong psychometric properties in a non-clinical population, but sensitivity and specificity data are needed. To determine whether a physical flaw is only slight or absent, the clinician can determine whether it is clearly visible and obvious at conversational distance.

The first five items assess obsessional preoccupations about perceived appearance defects time preoccupied, interference in functioning yhocs distress due to perceived appearance defects, ybods against preoccupations, and control over preoccupations. A randomized placebo-controlled trial of fluoxetine in body dysmorphic disorder.


This phase of testing is used to verify the precision of the instrument in measuring the properties for which it was designed. This item semi-structured rater-administered measure is similar to the Ybods for OCD with the exception that it includes two additional items insight and avoidance. Of the subjects, met diagnostic criteria for current BDD, and 24 met criteria for past BDD at the time of intake into the study.

Diagnosis and Clinical Assessment in BDD

Items 11 and 12 assess insight and avoidance respectively. However, this belief appears to be more related to an overvaluation of the defect than to a delusional perception. Other BDD symptom measures have limitations. It is available to complete on this website. Should an obsessive-compulsive spectrum grouping of disorders be included in DSM-V? Only one of the translators was informed about the objectives of the study, so as to produce a conceptual rather literal translation of the scale.

A consensus Brazilian Portuguese version of the scale was then obtained by combining elements from both translations. Time spent in activities related to the body defect 0.

Body dysmorphic disorder BDD is a relatively common and often severe psychiatric disorder that is possibly underdiagnosed and underreported. Suicidality in body dysmorphic disorder. In the only previous study that examined the psychometric properties of the BDD-YBOCS, the scale ubocs strong reliability, validity, and sensitivity to change in individuals who were seeking a clinical evaluation or treatment for BDD Phillips et al.

An excessive concern with appearance can conceal psychopathological traits that are not always easy to recognize and may result in iatrogenic and medico-legal problems if neglected.

She is author of The Broken Mirror: BDD is often misdiagnosed as another disorder.

The norms and stability of new measures of the multidimensional body image construct. The Dysmorphic Concern Questionnaire: This report includes only data from the initial baseline interview which was obtained by subject interview. Results The purpose of the cultural adaptation or pretest was to dbd if the items of the translated instrument had been clearly formulated. Content validity is defined as the degree to which each item is relevant to measure the target content, and examines if a scale represents the universe vdd concepts or domains to which it corresponds.


BDD | Scales used for BDDScales used for BDD – BDD

Prevalence and clinical characteristics of body dysmorphic disorder in an adult inpatient setting. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders DSM-5 5. Behaviour Research and Therapy. However, many patients are too embarrassed to reveal their appearance preoccupations to others, including clinicians, and thus they may not have had an opportunity to receive medical advice. Cosmetic rhinoplasty in body dysmorphic disorder.

Construct validity was tested by comparing the BDD-YBOCS with factors considered correlated with symptoms of severely negative body image and with the degree of dissatisfaction with appearance. The first 10 items assess excessive preoccupation, obsessions, and compulsive behaviors associated with dissatisfaction with physical appearance. Cultural adaptation or pretest Version 1 of the scale was administered to 30 patients to yocs eventual failures of the respondents to comprehend the items.

Being housebound, having problematic social anxiety and social avoidance, and experiencing depression especially if treatment-resistantanxiety, or suicidality are not specific to BDD; however, these symptoms may be a clue to the presence of BDD. An example of insight in OCD is how convinced the patient is that the house will actually burn down if the stove is not checked 30 times. Hdd Katharine Phillips, MD Perhaps the most important thing to keep in mind is that many patients with BDD do not spontaneously reveal their BDD symptoms to their clinician because they are too embarrassed jbocs ashamed, fear being negatively judged e.

In that study, the BDD-YBOCS demonstrated good interrater and test-retest reliability, internal consistency, convergent and discriminant validity, and sensitivity to change with pharmacologic treatment. The Brown Assessment of Beliefs Scale: The number of factors identified was based on an examination of eigenvalues greater than one and the scree plot. The BDD-YBOCS demonstrated strong internal consistency, interrater and test-retest reliability, convergent and discriminant validity, and sensitivity to change.